Radix homepage
Components

Toast

A succinct message that is displayed temporarily.

import * as React from 'react';
import * as Toast from '@radix-ui/react-toast';
import './styles.css';
const ToastDemo = () => {
const [open, setOpen] = React.useState(false);
const eventDateRef = React.useRef(new Date());
const timerRef = React.useRef(0);
React.useEffect(() => {
return () => clearTimeout(timerRef.current);
}, []);
return (
<Toast.Provider swipeDirection="right">
<button className="Button large violet" onClick={() => { setOpen(false); window.clearTimeout(timerRef.current); timerRef.current = window.setTimeout(() => { eventDateRef.current = oneWeekAway(); setOpen(true); }, 100); }} >
Add to calendar
</button>
<Toast.Root className="ToastRoot" open={open} onOpenChange={setOpen}>
<Toast.Title className="ToastTitle">Scheduled: Catch up</Toast.Title>
<Toast.Description asChild>
<time className="ToastDescription" dateTime={eventDateRef.current.toISOString()}>
{prettyDate(eventDateRef.current)}
</time>
</Toast.Description>
<Toast.Action className="ToastAction" asChild altText="Goto schedule to undo">
<button className="Button small green">Undo</button>
</Toast.Action>
</Toast.Root>
<Toast.Viewport className="ToastViewport" />
</Toast.Provider>
);
};
function oneWeekAway(date) {
const now = new Date();
const inOneWeek = now.setDate(now.getDate() + 7);
return new Date(inOneWeek);
}
function prettyDate(date) {
return new Intl.DateTimeFormat('en-US', { dateStyle: 'full', timeStyle: 'short' }).format(date);
}
export default ToastDemo;

Features

  • Automatically closes.
  • Pauses closing on hover, focus and window blur.
  • Supports hotkey to jump to toast viewport.
  • Supports closing via swipe gesture.
  • Exposes CSS variables for swipe gesture animations.
  • Can be controlled or uncontrolled.

Install the component from your command line.

npm install @radix-ui/react-toast

Import the component.

import * as Toast from '@radix-ui/react-toast';
export default () => (
<Toast.Provider>
<Toast.Root>
<Toast.Title />
<Toast.Description />
<Toast.Action />
<Toast.Close />
</Toast.Root>
<Toast.Viewport />
</Toast.Provider>
);

The provider that wraps your toasts and toast viewport. It usually wraps the application.

PropTypeDefault
durationnumber5000
label*string"Notification"
swipeDirectionenum"right"
swipeThresholdnumber50

The fixed area where toasts appear. Users can jump to the viewport by pressing a hotkey. It is up to you to ensure the discoverability of the hotkey for keyboard users.

PropTypeDefault
asChildbooleanfalse
hotkeystring[]["F8"]
labelstring"Notifications ({hotkey})"

The toast that automatically closes. It should not be held open to acquire a user response.

PropTypeDefault
asChildbooleanfalse
typeenum"foreground"
durationnumberNo default value
defaultOpenbooleantrue
openbooleanNo default value
onOpenChangefunctionNo default value
onEscapeKeyDownfunctionNo default value
onPausefunctionNo default value
onResumefunctionNo default value
onSwipeStartfunctionNo default value
onSwipeMovefunctionNo default value
onSwipeEndfunctionNo default value
forceMountbooleanNo default value
Data AttributeValues
[data-state]"open" | "closed"
[data-swipe]"start" | "move" | "cancel" | "end"
[data-swipe-direction]"up" | "down" | "left" | "right"
CSS VariableDescription
--radix-toast-swipe-move-xThe offset position of the toast when horizontally swiping
--radix-toast-swipe-move-yThe offset position of the toast when vertically swiping
--radix-toast-swipe-end-xThe offset end position of the toast after horizontally swiping
--radix-toast-swipe-end-yThe offset end position of the toast after vertically swiping

An optional title for the toast.

PropTypeDefault
asChildbooleanfalse

The toast message.

PropTypeDefault
asChildbooleanfalse

An action that is safe to ignore to ensure users are not expected to complete tasks with unexpected side effects as a result of a time limit.

When obtaining a user response is necessary, portal an AlertDialog styled as a toast into the viewport instead.

PropTypeDefault
asChildbooleanfalse
altText*stringNo default value

A button that allows users to dismiss the toast before its duration has elapsed.

PropTypeDefault
asChildbooleanfalse

Override the default hotkey using the event.code value for each key from keycode.info.

<Toast.Provider>
{/* ... */}
<Toast.Viewport hotkey={['altKey', 'KeyT']} />
</Toast.Provider>

Customise the duration of a toast to override the provider value.

<Toast.Root duration={3000}>
<Toast.Description>Saved!</Toast.Description>
</Toast.Root>

When a toast must appear every time a user clicks a button, use state to render multiple instances of the same toast (see below). Alternatively, you can abstract the parts to create your own imperative API.

export default () => {
const [savedCount, setSavedCount] = React.useState(0);
return (
<div>
<form onSubmit={() => setSavedCount((count) => count + 1)}>
{/* ... */}
<button>save</button>
</form>
{Array.from({ length: savedCount }).map((_, index) => (
<Toast.Root key={index}>
<Toast.Description>Saved!</Toast.Description>
</Toast.Root>
))}
</div>
);
};

Combine --radix-toast-swipe-move-[x|y] and --radix-toast-swipe-end-[x|y] CSS variables with data-swipe="[start|move|cancel|end]" attributes to animate a swipe to close gesture. Here's an example:

// index.jsx
import * as Toast from '@radix-ui/react-toast';
import './styles.css';
export default () => (
<Toast.Provider swipeDirection="right">
<Toast.Root className="ToastRoot">...</Toast.Root>
<Toast.Viewport />
</Toast.Provider>
);
/* styles.css */
.ToastRoot[data-swipe='move'] {
transform: translateX(var(--radix-toast-swipe-move-x));
}
.ToastRoot[data-swipe='cancel'] {
transform: translateX(0);
transition: transform 200ms ease-out;
}
.ToastRoot[data-swipe='end'] {
animation: slideRight 100ms ease-out;
}
@keyframes slideRight {
from {
transform: translateX(var(--radix-toast-swipe-end-x));
}
to {
transform: translateX(100%);
}
}

Adheres to the aria-live requirements.

Control the sensitivity of the toast for screen readers using the type prop.

For toasts that are the result of a user action, choose foreground. Toasts generated from background tasks should use background.

Foreground

Foreground toasts are announced immediately. Assistive technologies may choose to clear previously queued messages when a foreground toast appears. Try to avoid stacking distinct foreground toasts at the same time.

Background

Background toasts are announced at the next graceful opportunity, for example, when the screen reader has finished reading its current sentence. They do not clear queued messages so overusing them can be perceived as a laggy user experience for screen reader users when used in response to a user interaction.

<Toast.Root type="foreground">
<Toast.Description>File removed successfully.</Toast.Description>
<Toast.Close>Dismiss</Toast.Close>
</Toast.Root>
<Toast.Root type="background">
<Toast.Description>We've just released Radix 1.0.</Toast.Description>
<Toast.Close>Dismiss</Toast.Close>
</Toast.Root>

Use the altText prop on the Action to instruct an alternative way of actioning the toast to screen reader users.

You can direct the user to a permanent place in your application where they can action it or implement your own custom hotkey logic. If implementing the latter, use foreground type to announce immediately and increase the duration to give the user ample time.

<Toast.Root type="background">
<Toast.Title>Upgrade Available!</Toast.Title>
<Toast.Description>We've just released Radix 1.0.</Toast.Description>
<Toast.Action altText="Goto account settings to upgrade">
Upgrade
</Toast.Action>
<Toast.Close>Dismiss</Toast.Close>
</Toast.Root>
<Toast.Root type="foreground" duration={10000}>
<Toast.Description>File removed successfully.</Toast.Description>
<Toast.Action altText="Undo (Alt+U)">
Undo <kbd>Alt</kbd>+<kbd>U</kbd>
</Toast.Action>
<Toast.Close>Dismiss</Toast.Close>
</Toast.Root>

When providing an icon (or font icon), remember to label it correctly for screen reader users.

<Toast.Root type="foreground">
<Toast.Description>Saved!</Toast.Description>
<Toast.Close aria-label="Close">
<span aria-hidden>×</span>
</Toast.Close>
</Toast.Root>
KeyDescription
F8Focuses toasts viewport.
TabMoves focus to the next focusable element.
Shift + TabMoves focus to the previous focusable element.
SpaceWhen focus is on a Toast.Action or Toast.Close, closes the toast.
EnterWhen focus is on a Toast.Action or Toast.Close, closes the toast.
EscWhen focus is on a Toast, closes the toast.

Create your own API by abstracting the primitive parts into your own component.

Usage

import { Toast } from './your-toast';
export default () => (
<Toast title="Upgrade available" content="We've just released Radix 3.0!">
<button onClick={handleUpgrade}>Upgrade</button>
</Toast>
);

Implementation

// your-toast.jsx
import * as ToastPrimitive from '@radix-ui/react-toast';
export const Toast = ({ title, content, children, ...props }) => {
return (
<ToastPrimitive.Root {...props}>
{title && <ToastPrimitive.Title>{title}</ToastPrimitive.Title>}
<ToastPrimitive.Description>{content}</ToastPrimitive.Description>
{children && (
<ToastPrimitive.Action asChild>{children}</ToastPrimitive.Action>
)}
<ToastPrimitive.Close aria-label="Close">
<span aria-hidden>×</span>
</ToastPrimitive.Close>
</ToastPrimitive.Root>
);
};

Create your own imperative API to allow toast duplication if preferred.

Usage

import { Toast } from './your-toast';
export default () => {
const savedRef = React.useRef();
return (
<div>
<form onSubmit={() => savedRef.current.publish()}>
{/* ... */}
<button>Save<button>
</form>
<Toast ref={savedRef}>Saved successfully!</Toast>
</div>
);
};

Implementation

// your-toast.jsx
import React from 'react';
import * as ToastPrimitive from '@radix-ui/react-toast';
export const Toast = React.forwardRef((props, forwardedRef) => {
const { children, ...toastProps } = props;
const [count, setCount] = React.useState(0);
React.useImperativeHandle(forwardedRef, () => ({
publish: () => setCount((count) => count + 1),
}));
return (
<>
{Array.from({ length: count }).map((_, index) => (
<ToastPrimitive.Root key={index} {...toastProps}>
<ToastPrimitive.Description>{children}</ToastPrimitive.Description>
<ToastPrimitive.Close>Dismiss</ToastPrimitive.Close>
</ToastPrimitive.Root>
))}
</>
);
});