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Dialog

A window overlaid on either the primary window or another dialog window, rendering the content underneath inert.

import React from 'react';
import { styled, keyframes } from '@stitches/react';
import { violet, blackA, mauve, green } from '@radix-ui/colors';
import { Cross2Icon } from '@radix-ui/react-icons';
import * as DialogPrimitive from '@radix-ui/react-dialog';
const overlayShow = keyframes({
'0%': { opacity: 0 },
'100%': { opacity: 1 },
});
const contentShow = keyframes({
'0%': { opacity: 0, transform: 'translate(-50%, -48%) scale(.96)' },
'100%': { opacity: 1, transform: 'translate(-50%, -50%) scale(1)' },
});
const StyledOverlay = styled(DialogPrimitive.Overlay, {
backgroundColor: blackA.blackA9,
position: 'fixed',
inset: 0,
'@media (prefers-reduced-motion: no-preference)': {
animation: `${overlayShow} 150ms cubic-bezier(0.16, 1, 0.3, 1)`,
},
});
const StyledContent = styled(DialogPrimitive.Content, {
backgroundColor: 'white',
borderRadius: 6,
boxShadow: 'hsl(206 22% 7% / 35%) 0px 10px 38px -10px, hsl(206 22% 7% / 20%) 0px 10px 20px -15px',
position: 'fixed',
top: '50%',
left: '50%',
transform: 'translate(-50%, -50%)',
width: '90vw',
maxWidth: '450px',
maxHeight: '85vh',
padding: 25,
'@media (prefers-reduced-motion: no-preference)': {
animation: `${contentShow} 150ms cubic-bezier(0.16, 1, 0.3, 1)`,
},
'&:focus': { outline: 'none' },
});
function Content({ children, ...props }) {
return (
<DialogPrimitive.Portal>
<StyledOverlay />
<StyledContent {...props}>{children}</StyledContent>
</DialogPrimitive.Portal>
);
}
const StyledTitle = styled(DialogPrimitive.Title, {
margin: 0,
fontWeight: 500,
color: mauve.mauve12,
fontSize: 17,
});
const StyledDescription = styled(DialogPrimitive.Description, {
margin: '10px 0 20px',
color: mauve.mauve11,
fontSize: 15,
lineHeight: 1.5,
});
// Exports
export const Dialog = DialogPrimitive.Root;
export const DialogTrigger = DialogPrimitive.Trigger;
export const DialogContent = Content;
export const DialogTitle = StyledTitle;
export const DialogDescription = StyledDescription;
export const DialogClose = DialogPrimitive.Close;
// Your app...
const Flex = styled('div', { display: 'flex' });
const Box = styled('div', {});
const Button = styled('button', {
all: 'unset',
display: 'inline-flex',
alignItems: 'center',
justifyContent: 'center',
borderRadius: 4,
padding: '0 15px',
fontSize: 15,
lineHeight: 1,
fontWeight: 500,
height: 35,
variants: {
variant: {
violet: {
backgroundColor: 'white',
color: violet.violet11,
boxShadow: `0 2px 10px ${blackA.blackA7}`,
'&:hover': { backgroundColor: mauve.mauve3 },
'&:focus': { boxShadow: `0 0 0 2px black` },
},
green: {
backgroundColor: green.green4,
color: green.green11,
'&:hover': { backgroundColor: green.green5 },
'&:focus': { boxShadow: `0 0 0 2px ${green.green7}` },
},
},
},
defaultVariants: {
variant: 'violet',
},
});
const IconButton = styled('button', {
all: 'unset',
fontFamily: 'inherit',
borderRadius: '100%',
height: 25,
width: 25,
display: 'inline-flex',
alignItems: 'center',
justifyContent: 'center',
color: violet.violet11,
position: 'absolute',
top: 10,
right: 10,
'&:hover': { backgroundColor: violet.violet4 },
'&:focus': { boxShadow: `0 0 0 2px ${violet.violet7}` },
});
const Fieldset = styled('fieldset', {
all: 'unset',
display: 'flex',
gap: 20,
alignItems: 'center',
marginBottom: 15,
});
const Label = styled('label', {
fontSize: 15,
color: violet.violet11,
width: 90,
textAlign: 'right',
});
const Input = styled('input', {
all: 'unset',
width: '100%',
flex: '1',
display: 'inline-flex',
alignItems: 'center',
justifyContent: 'center',
borderRadius: 4,
padding: '0 10px',
fontSize: 15,
lineHeight: 1,
color: violet.violet11,
boxShadow: `0 0 0 1px ${violet.violet7}`,
height: 35,
'&:focus': { boxShadow: `0 0 0 2px ${violet.violet8}` },
});
const DialogDemo = () => (
<Dialog>
<DialogTrigger asChild>
<Button size="large">Edit profile</Button>
</DialogTrigger>
<DialogContent >
<DialogTitle>Edit profile</DialogTitle>
<DialogDescription>
Make changes to your profile here. Click save when you're done.
</DialogDescription>
<Fieldset>
<Label htmlFor="name">Name</Label>
<Input id="name" defaultValue="Pedro Duarte" />
</Fieldset>
<Fieldset>
<Label htmlFor="username">Username</Label>
<Input id="username" defaultValue="@peduarte" />
</Fieldset>
<Flex css={{ marginTop: 25, justifyContent: 'flex-end' }}>
<DialogClose asChild>
<Button variant="green">Save changes</Button>
</DialogClose>
</Flex>
<DialogClose asChild>
<IconButton aria-label="Close">
<Cross2Icon />
</IconButton>
</DialogClose>
</DialogContent>
</Dialog>
);
export default DialogDemo;

Features

  • Supports modal and non-modal modes.
  • Focus is automatically trapped when modal.
  • Can be controlled or uncontrolled.
  • Manages screen reader announcements with Title and Description components.
  • Esc closes the component automatically.

Install the component from your command line.

npm install @radix-ui/react-dialog

Import all parts and piece them together.

import * as Dialog from '@radix-ui/react-dialog';
export default () => (
<Dialog.Root>
<Dialog.Trigger />
<Dialog.Portal>
<Dialog.Overlay />
<Dialog.Content>
<Dialog.Title />
<Dialog.Description />
<Dialog.Close />
</Dialog.Content>
</Dialog.Portal>
</Dialog.Root>
);

Contains all the parts of a dialog.

PropTypeDefault
defaultOpenbooleanNo default value
openbooleanNo default value
onOpenChangefunctionNo default value
modalbooleantrue
idstringNo default value

The button that opens the dialog.

PropTypeDefault
asChildbooleanfalse
Data AttributeValues
[data-state]"open" | "closed"

When used, portals your overlay and content parts into the body.

PropTypeDefault
forceMountbooleanNo default value
containerHTMLElementdocument.body

A layer that covers the inert portion of the view when the dialog is open.

PropTypeDefault
asChildbooleanfalse
forceMountbooleanNo default value
Data AttributeValues
[data-state]"open" | "closed"

Contains content to be rendered in the open dialog.

PropTypeDefault
asChildbooleanfalse
forceMountbooleanNo default value
onOpenAutoFocusfunctionNo default value
onCloseAutoFocusfunctionNo default value
onEscapeKeyDownfunctionNo default value
onPointerDownOutsidefunctionNo default value
onInteractOutsidefunctionNo default value
Data AttributeValues
[data-state]"open" | "closed"

The button that closes the dialog.

PropTypeDefault
asChildbooleanfalse

An accessible title to be announced when the dialog is opened.

If you want to hide the title, wrap it inside our Visually Hidden utility like this <VisuallyHidden asChild>.

PropTypeDefault
asChildbooleanfalse

An optional accessible description to be announced when the dialog is opened.

If you want to hide the description, wrap it inside our Visually Hidden utility like this <VisuallyHidden asChild>. If you want to remove the description entirely, remove this part and pass aria-describedby={undefined} to Dialog.Content.

PropTypeDefault
asChildbooleanfalse

Use the controlled props to programmatically close the Dialog after an async operation has completed.

import React from 'react';
import { styled } from '@stitches/react';
import * as Dialog from '@radix-ui/react-dialog';
const mockPromise = async () =>
await new Promise((resolve) => setTimeout(resolve, 1000));
export default () => {
const [open, setOpen] = React.useState(false);
return (
<Dialog.Root open={open} onOpenChange={setOpen}>
<Dialog.Trigger />
<Dialog.Portal>
<Dialog.Overlay>
<Dialog.Content>
<form onSubmit={async () => { mockPromise().then(() => setOpen(false)); }} >
{/** some inputs */}
<button type="submit">Submit</button>
</form>
</Dialog.Content>
</Dialog.Overlay>
</Dialog.Portal>
</Dialog.Root>
);
};

Move the content inside the overlay to render a dialog with overflow.

import { styled } from '@stitches/react';
import * as Dialog from '@radix-ui/react-dialog';
const Overlay = styled(Dialog.Overlay, {
background: 'rgba(0 0 0 / 0.5)',
position: 'fixed',
top: 0,
left: 0,
right: 0,
bottom: 0,
display: 'grid',
placeItems: 'center',
overflowY: 'auto',
});
const Content = styled(Dialog.Content, {
minWidth: 300,
background: 'white',
padding: 30,
borderRadius: 4,
});
export default () => {
return (
<Dialog.Root>
<Dialog.Trigger />
<Dialog.Portal>
<Overlay>
<Content>...</Content>
</Overlay>
</Dialog.Portal>
</Dialog.Root>
);
};

Customise the element that your dialog portals into.

export default () => {
const [container, setContainer] = React.useState(null);
return (
<div>
<Dialog.Root>
<Dialog.Trigger />
<Dialog.Portal container={container}>
<Dialog.Overlay />
<Dialog.Content>...</Dialog.Content>
</Dialog.Portal>
</Dialog.Root>
<div ref={setContainer} />
</div>
);
};

Adheres to the Dialog WAI-ARIA design pattern.

KeyDescription
SpaceOpens/closes the dialog.
EnterOpens/closes the dialog.
TabMoves focus to the next focusable element.
Shift + TabMoves focus to the previous focusable element.
EscCloses the dialog and moves focus to Dialog.Trigger.

Create your own API by abstracting the primitive parts into your own component.

This example abstracts the Dialog.Overlay and Dialog.Close parts.

Usage

import { Dialog, DialogTrigger, DialogContent } from './your-dialog';
export default () => (
<Dialog>
<DialogTrigger>Dialog trigger</DialogTrigger>
<DialogContent>Dialog Content</DialogContent>
</Dialog>
);

Implementation

// your-dialog.js
import React from 'react';
import * as DialogPrimitive from '@radix-ui/react-dialog';
import { Cross1Icon } from '@radix-ui/react-icons';
export const DialogContent = React.forwardRef(
({ children, ...props }, forwardedRef) => (
<DialogPrimitive.Portal>
<DialogPrimitive.Overlay />
<DialogPrimitive.Content {...props} ref={forwardedRef}>
{children}
<DialogPrimitive.Close aria-label="Close">
<Cross1Icon />
</DialogPrimitive.Close>
</DialogPrimitive.Content>
</DialogPrimitive.Portal>
)
);
export const Dialog = DialogPrimitive.Root;
export const DialogTrigger = DialogPrimitive.Trigger;